I am splitting this discussion from CoSy's venerable Global Temperature page to start a ion focused on the actual quantitative audit trail ( h/t Lavoisier who brought accounting to alchemy transmuting it into chemistry ) from the energy we receive almost totally from the Sun to our observed surface temperature .
Physics is the mathematical abstraction of ,
as an old Hindu buddy would say : ? What is happening ?
The discussion will be highly prejudiced for the presentation of equations , preferably executable algorithms in some freely available array capable language . This blog is a continuation of the educational effort started at http://climatewiki.org/wiki/Category:Essential_Physics ( archived ) , which works out the geometry of the portion of the celestial sphere subtended by the Sun and the Stefan-Boltzmann
Quantitatively reducing this 3% unexplained variance is the goal .
The analysis begun in :Essential_Physics was continued with my Heartland presentation , The Basic Basics or How to Calculate the Equilibrium Temperature of a Radiantly Heated Uniformly colored ball , which boils down to
to CO2isNoEvil on WUWT :
I'm sorry I don't have more time for this discussion because there is a lot which would be I think generally useful to get clearly communicated . I resonate to such details as "each pixel is 8 bits for most of the satellite channels" . I assume that is for each of some number of spectrally filtered channels ? Your second paragraph reflects any of the problems Roy Spencer describes at http://www.drroyspencer.com/2015/04/version-6-0-of-the-uah-temperature-dataset-released-new-lt-trend-0-11-cdecade/ . I would be quite interested in what your "tools" are built in . APLs can express algorithms over data often orders of magnitude more succinctly and therefore more understandably to the math capable mind than traditional languages . Since in APLs